Routine maintenance is the underpinning of any well run network. Through routine maintenance, consistency, predictability and standardization all result allowing the network to operate as expected and in times of fault, makes a better troubleshooting environment. As part of any routine maintenance activity, Cisco provides several commands to help. One less known command is the […]
Cisco Router and IOS How To’s
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Whenever we teach our Hands-On courses, we always have a section of the course that discusses troubleshooting the network or technology the class is learning. A key part of troubleshooting any network is knowing the technology, no argument. But even the masters of technologies like Multicasting, or IP Networking, or MPLS, still can benefit from
You can use the service timestamps command to create timestamps on the router’s log files. Since version 11.3, the Cisco IOS has enabled certain timestamps by default, so most of us have this on. However, there are additional timestamps options that you can enable as well as places where timestamps are probably off by default.
One of the most annoying things in Cisco IOS is its old roots in the 23 line terminals. Every 23 lines, you get a –More– pause, to which you have to hit the space bar to continue the output. Now maybe this does not bother you. Fine, move on to our next Cisco tip. But
Many people are using VPN technology today to ensure data confidentiality between remote locations. When using a site-to-site type VPN (say between a Router and a Firewall), a common complaint among end users is intermittent delay before VPN traffic is successful. This is usually due to Security Associations (SA) becoming too old requiring a ‘VPN
As many of our students and clients have learned, Spanning Tree in Layer 2 Ethernets is a basic control protocol that removes logical loops from physically looped networks creating the Spanning Tree. This How To focuses on the essential configuration commands in Cisco IOS that you need to know to manage Spanning Tree. Important note:
IP mobility is software and hardware designed to provide network access as a user travels from network to network. Cisco calls this the ubiquitous connection. Cellular telephone networks already accomplish this: You can begin a cellular call in Los Angeles, CA and (in theory) you should be able to drive to New York city without
All router administrators need to take whatever security precautions they can to prevent attacks to their systems and networks. While these attacks are a continually moving target, a common attack to IP networks is called IP Spoofing. This is accomplished by sending IP packets into the network with source addresses that appear to be part
When learning Cisco IOS, students often ask, what happens if there is conflicting information? Cisco IOS order of operations plays an important role in how a router processes traffic and makes choices, especially if there are two possible answers. If you’re simply using the most basic features of the router, chances are good that you’ll
The following is a quick example on how to configure Cisco’s HSRP protocol. Many net admins ask about redundancy in Cisco routers and the answer is usually always the same: If your uptime has to be high, and the thought of having a failure and suffering the downtime that it will take to make the
Finding the right piece of information that you need from a Cisco router can often be a challenge. For example, if you use the show running-config command on a large production router, you can end up with 25 pages of text output. Locating that one piece of information you’re looking for can take a lot
Similar to a Windows or Linux operating systems, the Cisco IOS is rooted in Unix and has its own list of commands to manipulate files. These commands are very similar to DOS/Windows commands. Files could be your IOS router operating system executable, configuration file(s), or other type of IOS file. Knowing these file commands is
What is EtherChannel? EtherChannel technology is another way for you to increase the bandwidth of your core network links and provide redundancy of LAN links. It allows you to achieve greater speed by bundling Fast Ethernet or Gigabit Ethernet links, which makes a switch or router use the merged ports as a single port. This
No one wants it to happen but, sooner or later, you will experience a router crash. When you do, you will want to be prepared to save that critical router memory information in order to find out why the router crashed and prevent future crashes. To do this, you need to configure your router to
If you are like many users of the latest IOS, you may find your routers constantly outputting a mesage like this: cell_pe1# %Error opening tftp://255.255.255.255/cisconet.cfg (Timed out) 19:20:43: %SYS-4-CONFIG_RESOLVE_FAILURE: System config parse from (tftp://255.255.255.255/cisconet.cfg) failed The reason for this message is the router is attempting to autoload the configuration files after a restart. So to